Deep Neck Infections- Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

Neck Infections

Deep neck infections can be a threat to one’s life and health. Most of the time, deep infections arise from foci present in the mucosal surfaces of the upper aerodigestive tract or from a carious tooth. These deep infections occur in the space present in between the layers of deep cervical fascia and accuse many major health issues. Also, deep infection problems are a challenging task for physicians and surgeons. 

These infections can be spread in the oral cavity, face, or superficial neck to the deep neck space via the lymphatic system. It can lead to the suppuration of infection and can spread among the neck spaces by paths of communications. These direct infections can cause penetrating trauma.

To identify deep infections, we have mentioned the causes, symptoms, and complications of neck infections, and also, we have suggested some treatments for these deep infections because they can be a life-threatening issue.

Where “deep neck infections” can be located?

As we have mentioned, deep neck infections occur in the neck spaces. So, the following are some of the neck spaces where the infections can occur:

  • Retropharyngeal space
  • Peritonsillar space
  • Parapharyngeal space
  • Submandibular space.

Causes of neck infections

There are many causes of deep neck infections, but the following are some common and basic causes of deep infections:

  • Dental abscesses
  • Tonsillitis
  • Respiratory infections
  • Lymphatic system
  • Lymph nodes
  • Bacterias
  • Previous infections

Symptoms of neck infections:

To identify any infection, it is very important to know about all the symptoms. So, the following are some of the common and basic symptoms of deep infections:

  • Not enough ability to move the neck
  • Asymmetry of the neck and back of the throat
  • Difficulty and severe pain in swallowing
  • Drooling
  • Bad or sick appearance
  • High fever
  • Swelling in the neck, under the jaw, or on the face
  • Itching inside the throat
  • Difficulty in breathing

If you are having any of the above-mentioned symptoms, then concern yourself to a doctor immediately.

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Complications of deep neck infections:

The complications of deep infections can be life-threatening. That is why identifying and getting the treatment right is very important. 

Some of the complications of infection problems are:

  • The most serious initial complication is an abstraction in the airway because deep infections create swelling that pushes in on the airway causing a partial or complete obstruction.
  • These deep infections spread in neck spaces, middle chest cavity, lungs, bloodstream, and bones.
  • Create clots information of arteries and veins of the neck.

Treatment of deep infections:

Because of the immediate threat of airway obstruction, most deep infections require hospitalization. When these airway is narrowed, an endotracheal (breathing tube passed through the mouth) or nasotracheal (breathing tube passed through the nose) tube may be placed to hold open the airway until the infection can be treated. When a breathing tube cannot be inserted, a tracheotomy may be temporarily required in severe cases.

Most patients will have a history of decreased fluid and food intake; All patients with deep neck infections are started on antibiotics given by a vein. In a select group of patients, careful hospital observation and antibiotics may be enough to treat the infection.  

When is an ear, nose, and throat specialist involved in the treatment of a deep neck abscess?

Because airway obstruction is always a concern with a deep neck infection, an ear, nose, and throat specialist is usually consulted immediately to help manage the airway and determine whether surgical therapy is needed.

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Final words:

If you feel like you have a neck infection, then check out the above-mentioned causes and symptoms of deep infections, and if you have any symptoms, then take the mentioned treatment immediately because, as we have mentioned, these deep infections can be life-threatening.

We hope that this post helped you to get full knowledge about deep neck infections: causes, symptoms, and treatment.