Let’s add a little spicy flavor and smell to your small beautiful garden by growing some green chili plants. As growing plants and having your own little garden in the backyard is becoming a popular trend over social media, it’s time you start turning your little backyard into a beautiful garden by growing some green chili plants.
The green chili pepper is among the best chili plants to grow in your garden, along with jalapenos. As green chilies are versatile, they can be used to make lots of recipes. After all, what can be better than having fresh vegetables from your own garden?
Types of green chilies
There are many types of green chili plants for you to choose from. Some common and most used varieties of chilies are:
Anaheim/ California chilies
In Mexico, Anaheim chili, also known as “chile Verde del Norte,” is the most common chili used in the southwestern United States.
These chilies were first found in Mexico and supplied to California.
At the early stage of their growth, the color of these chilies is green, and as they grow bigger and reach their mature stage, the color changes to red.
Ghost pepper, also known as bhut jolokia, is one of the hottest chilies. This chili is mostly cultivated in the northeast states of India.
There are many types of ghost pepper available in the market like red, green, purple, white, peach, chocolate, etc.
Hatch chilies are the same as the anaheim but a bit larger. However, the one difference between anaheim and hatch chili is: hatch chilies are spicier than anaheim.
Hatch chilies taste more delicious as compared to other green chilies. In Mexico, the Hatch Valley Chili festival is celebrated symbolising the origin of hatch chilies.
Poblano green chili
Poblano green chili is wider as compared to other chilies. these chilies are the most beautiful chilies. It is also considered to be the hottest chili in the world. However, the flavor of this chili is very mild.
When the poblano green chili dries, it turns into ancho chile. In some parts of America, poblano green chili is sold by the name of pasilla pepper.
This variety of chilies are small and narrow. The color of Chilaca pepper is dark chocolate brown. Chilaca peppers are mostly used in Spain, and it is also known as pasilla chile.
Jalapeno peppers are the most famous fresh chilies in the whole world. The other name of jalapeno peppers is Xalapa, spelled Jalapa.
Jalapeno is mostly served as an appetizer. Jalapeno can also be used in pickles.
Serrano is small green chili but very hot in taste. These chilies are mostly used in making salsa and for garnishing the dishes.
It is very important to use fresh serrano chilies because stored serrano chilies can lead to dangerous health issues.
The correct pronunciation of this chili is ah-bah-NEH-ROH. Habanero is ball-shaped chilies available in many colors like green, yellow, orange, red, purple, or brown.
Habanero peppers are the rarest types of green chilies and are available in only a few parts of the world.
Kanthari chilies originated in Kerala, India. These are small and whitish-green chili peppers.
The other name of kanthari chili is bird’s eye chili. It adds a good flavor to the dishes.
Steps to grow green chili plants in your garden
Step 1: Choose the right growing conditions
The ideal temperature to grow a green chili plant is 22-25°C.
It is best to grow chilies in warm and humid conditions.
Green chili plants need 5-6 hours of sunlight daily. So, it is important to place the plant in an open area.
Since green chili plants are smaller in size, they can be grown inside the house too.
You can use organic potting soil to grow fresh green chili. Before sowing the seeds, the first step is to nourish the seeds.
It will stimulate the process by providing the necessary nutrients and moisture.
The green chili plant does not need a high amount of water to grow. Therefore, you only need to water the upper layer of the plant when it looks dry.
High amounts of water can damage the health of the small green chili pepper.
Feed the plant with fertilizers from time to time, as they help the plant to grow fast and healthy. If chemical fertilizers are not available, then cow dung, tea compost, fruit peelings, etc., can also be used.
Step 2: start with a seed tray
For the better germination of the plant, a 3 inches deep tray is recommended.
Fill the tray with soil, spread the chili seeds on it, and then add a thin layer of soil on the seeds and spray some water.
Keep seeds warm and moist for 2-3 days until it starts germinating.
Step 3: move germinated seeds to a pot
After the germination, choose a good pot that is 12 inches deep, add soil to it and sow the sprouted seeds in it.
Place the pot in a sunny area, and now you are done. Just add some amount of water daily in it, and the green chili peppers will start appearing on the plant.
Read more- How To Grow Microgreens Without soil?
How to take Care of green chili plant after germination
Once the seed starts germinating, it needs some extra care. Below are the steps you can follow to take Care of the green chili plant to keep it healthy:
- Provide a small amount of sunlight and water
- Protect from low temperature
- Keep the plant in the shade.
- Protect from extreme wind
- Check the mosquitoes and diseases on the plant.
- Remove weeds from the plant.
- Tie the plant lossy to a pole
Fun facts about types of chilies
These are some fun facts about green chilies:
- Capsaicin makes the chili pepper hot
- Birds do not feel the spiciness of the green chilies.
- The spiciness of the chilies measures on the Scoville scale
- Due to a large amount of chlorophyll, the color of chili are green.
Interesting, right? Now is the time to grow those small green fresh chili plants in your own personal space and add that spicy aroma to your garden. These small chilies will make your garden go greener and more beautiful, and the best part is you get fresh chilies to use for free.
So, what are you waiting for? Try growing the amazing green chili pepper and share your experience along with the cute pictures of your green chili plants with us in the comment box.